How to obtain the Brazilian fishing license

We provide fishing licenses to all international anglers at no extra cost.

Is the yellow fever vaccine mandatory?

Although it is not mandatory to get the vaccine, it is highly recommended that you receive the yellow fever vaccine when visiting the Amazon Rainforest. The World Health Organization (WHO) advises getting the vaccine at least 10 days before your trip. In 2017, the WHO stated that a single dose is enough for lifelong immunization against yellow fever.

Which are the recommended personal belongings for my fishing trip?

Here is a list of recommended materials for your fishing trip:

01)     Fishing license

02)     Yellow fever vaccine 

03)     Sunscreen 

04)     Mosquito repellent and "anti-itch" cream 

05)     Personal hygiene supplies (toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, shaving cream, comb, etc.)

06)     Prescription drugs

07)     First aid kit (aspirin, Tylenol, Advil, gauze, cotton, band-aid, tape, glove, scissors, needle)

08)     Kit for rehydration in cases of vomiting and diarrhea (sugar and salt to make the homemade serum, rehydration fluids such as Gatorade or Hydrafix), and remedies for stomach sickness). 

09)     Sore throat remedy, cold/flu medicine, eye drops 

10)     Polarized sunglasses ( and don't forget your prescription glasses or spare contact lenses if you use them ) 

11)     Rain gear 

12)     Sunshield hat 

13)     Cap/hat

14)     Several short and long sleeve shirts, light clothing, preferably white cotton with UV protection (highly recommended), socks, underwear, etc 

15)     Jacket and pants 

16)     Shorts 

17)     Sandals 

18)     Rubber boots 

19)     Fishing gloves 

20)     Flashlight 

21)     Knife for personal use and nail scissors 

22)     Multipurpose pocket knife 

23)     Matches and lighter 

24)     GPS, mirror, and whistle 

25)     Tacklebox 

26)     Photographic / video camera 

27)     Cell phone 

28)     Passport and ID (protect on zip-lock bag) 

Please ensure that you check the weight of your luggage, as there are weight limits on flights, especially if your trip involves small aircraft. Normally, the weight limit is 40 pounds per person, which is divided as follows: one 10 lb. carry-on piece of luggage and one 30 lb. checked bag. The checked bag should be a soft duffel bag with no rigid bottom (except for rod cases). If you only have one soft duffel bag, it must not exceed the dimensions of length: 30 inches, width: 22 inches, and height: 11 inches.

Fishing tackle: selection, use, settings and hints

1 Rods

When choosing a fishing rod, it's important to consider its capacity, typically described in pounds, which is directly related to the size of the fish you want to catch. Make sure the rod is compatible with the type of reel or spinning reel you plan to use. For spinning reels, use rods with large rod guides, and for regular reels, use rods with smaller rod guides.

It's crucial to have balanced equipment. This means using equipment with similar capacity. The capacity of the spinning reel or regular reel should match the capacity of the rod and the line to be used.

The length of the rod should be chosen based on the type of fishing you'll be doing. For boat fishing, the length usually ranges from 5 feet 10 inches to 6 feet 5 inches. For shore or riverbank fishing, you can use rods that are 16 inches or longer. Remember to ensure a good balance between the rod, the reel or spinning reel, and the line.

Another important point about rods: never try to test the capacity of the rod by flexing the end with your hand, as this can break the rod. Instead, use the assembled rod by pulling through the line, as the rod resistance is evenly distributed across all guides. The more guides the rod has, the better its performance and capacity.

2 - Baitcasting reel Settings

Take a look at this video:

3- Spinning reel drag adjustment:

Take a look at this video:

4 Final recommendations

Here are some tips to improve your fishing experience:

1. Assemble your fishing gear carefully and don't hesitate to redo anything that's not perfect. Review your equipment regularly, especially after catching a fish. Check the condition of your rods, lines, knots, and swivels. If in doubt, don't be lazy - cut, tie, and redo.

2. If you're unsure about the condition of your fishing line, replace it with a new one. You'll only realize that the line is not good enough when you lose a fish.

3. When you catch a fish with force greater than the capacity of the line, it's normal for the fish to take the line. That's when having a balanced set makes a difference. Always keep the rod in a position where it is flexed to cushion the strong pull from the fish.

4. Never give up. Be persistent and the reward will come in the form of a beautiful fish.

5. Last but not least, communicate, ask questions, and plan your fishing trip with a fishing guide. They have more experience and can be of great help.

Peacock bass tactics and techniques

Peacocks, like largemouth bass, often seek out "structure" of some sort. Rocks, fallen logs, and sand bars serve as hiding places for baitfish, so peacocks are usually found lurking in these areas. It's important to always follow the guide's recommendations on where to cast.

Please remember the following text: "Peacock bass usually swim in pairs or small schools in search of their prey, often attacking other fish with fury. When this situation occurs, quickly cast your bait over the peacock bass. The faster you do this, the greater the chance of catching one. Peacock bass are voracious and highly competitive. Always cast a bait or fly very close to any hooked fish. There is certainly another peacock bass nearby (attracted by the commotion). If the attack does not bring results, continue fishing in the vicinity."

Novice anglers often make the mistake of pulling the hook too quickly when using bait or flies for fishing. Peacock bass may initially lightly hit the bait when it is cast and only fully bite it during its second pass. It can be challenging to remember this initially, but it's important not to pull the hook on the first strike. Instead, lower the tip of the rod and hold on as tightly as possible. Large peacock bass have very tough skin around their mouth and tend to firmly hold onto the bait or fly.

If the fish doesn't take the bait on the first try, keep moving the bait. If you are patient, the fish will come back and strike the bait two or three more times. If the fish loses interest quickly, try using a half-water bait or a jig. This often provokes a new attack.

Never underestimate the strength of a large peacock bass. If the fish heads towards a structure with logs, rocks, or debris, apply lateral pressure to the rod and try to steer the fish in another direction. If the fish manages to take refuge in this area, do not give up. Keep the tip of the rod high and the line loose enough to take advantage of any last-minute escapes.

And don’t forget about friction regulation. If you keep the friction regulation (also called star or drag) too tight, the line will likely break or the fish will come loose from the bait.

The color of the fly or bait does not seem to be as important as the tone. On a sunny day, use light-colored baits or flies. Dark tones are better in low-light conditions.

How does the water level affect the peacock bass fishing?

Share this:
It took me some time to learn, and I even had some failed fishing trips to the Amazon basin early on as I tried to understand the concept. Why? Simply because I failed to understand that nature, in its purest form, has its own dynamics and logic. It doesn't always align with your needs or expectations and doesn't adapt to them. It's the other way around.
To have a successful fishing trip in the Amazon basin, the most important thing is to have fun and catch as many peacock bass as possible. The key to achieving this is to ensure that the water levels are adequate. If the water levels are too high, the peacock bass will be dispersed in the jungle and difficult to catch. On the other hand, if the water levels are too low, the peacock bass will be inactive and difficult to find. Therefore, the ideal water levels are crucial for a successful fishing trip. 

Proof of how high the water levels reach off-season is the fact that ants don't build their nests at ground level; they build them on the tree branches.

Upon arrival in the jungle for the first time, you feel an overwhelming sense of humility and insignificance in the vastness of this raw landscape teaming with wildlife. The basin is enormous, and considering Manaus as the center, water levels will be optimal downriver at the beginning of the season in August - for example, the Marmelos River - and impossibly high upriver - for example, Itapará River, which reaches its optimum level in January/February. Each month in the season has a specific area with optimal water levels in a pattern that repeats itself season after season, with some variations that may be caused by known climatic influences such as the La Niña current.

All things considered,It is important to note that when fishing in the Amazon basin, it is crucial to find areas with sufficient water levels. Most reputable outfitters prefer to fish in third-level tributaries of the Amazon, some in public areas and others in privately leased rivers. They make an effort to avoid overfished and depleted areas, which unfortunately are becoming more common. These rivers typically have sufficient water levels for fishing purposes for only 8 to 12 weeks during the peacock bass season, which runs from late July to early March, totaling about 32 weeks. it is essential that wherever you go in the Amazon basin to fish, it presents adequate water levels. Most serious outfitters fish on third-level tributaries of the Amazon, some in public places and some in privately leased rivers. All try to avoid overfished and depredated areas, which unfortunately are more and more common each day. Each of these rivers enjoys adequate water levels for our purposes only for 8 to 12 weeks per season (Peacock bass season runs from late July to early March – about. 32 weeks).

The Amazon River Basin experiences seasonal flooding, resulting in large areas of rainforest being inundated to depths of up to 40 feet. The lowest flood stage occurs in August and September, while the highest stage occurs in April and May. Tributaries draining the Guyana Shield flood in June, while those draining the Brazilian Shield flood in March or April. Due to the peak rainy seasons being out of phase, the peak discharges of the left and right bank rivers are somewhat offset, moderating high and low water levels on the mainstream. However, tributaries can have extreme variations. Rain and snow from the Andes and other highland areas reach the Amazon through its tributaries, leading to the high-water season. Deforestation in the foothills and upper basin may have caused a shift in rain levels during certain times of the year, resulting in irregular high and low river levels. Flooding serves important functions for the surrounding forests, such as eradicating pests, enriching soils with nutrients from whitewater rivers (especially varzea forests), and dispersing seeds.

The Amazon Basin experiences extreme differences between low and high-water seasons. During the low water season, vast islands and sand bars are exposed, and river banks are well above water level. Smaller tributaries may become so shallow that travel by dugout canoe is barely possible, and creeks and streams may even dry up completely. This time is challenging for most Amazonian fish but beneficial for predators such as arapaima, large catfish, dolphins, and jaguars. The decrease in water area traps fish in small lakes and river shallows, making them easy targets for predators. Floodplain lakes, which are continuously filled with water during the high-water season, become reduced in size. These lakes are packed with fish and predators, and oxygen levels drop sharply. During a few weeks each year, massive die-offs occur in these pools due to cold Antarctic air cooling surface waters, causing them to sink to the bottom. As a result, methane and hydrogen sulfide push toward the surface, leading to significant die-offs. Vultures gather in large numbers to feed on the carcasses. Many fish have adapted to the lack of oxygen by developing structures that enable them to take atmospheric oxygen from the air. The most famous predator in floodplain lakes is the arapaima or piracucu, one of the largest freshwater fish in the world. Conservation efforts are focused on restoring this magnificent species, as large individuals are now extremely rare due to overfishing. The anaconda is also an apex predator in floodplain lakes.


During the high-water season in the Amazon, water levels rise 30 to 40 feet, flooding the surrounding forest and floodplains and joining river branches into one massive body of water. This flooding allows boats to access the lower canopy. Many tree species depend on the floods for seed dispersal, either through animals or by floating downriver. This time of abundance benefits herbivorous fish, which feed on fallen fruit and seeds. The Amazon is home to many fish species that rely on fruits and seeds, including the tambaqui, a large fish that crushes fallen seeds with its strong jaws. Humans take advantage of this by mimicking falling seeds to attract and harpoon the fish. The high-water season is a difficult time for fish predators, as the increased water area gives their potential prey a larger range, forcing predators to rely on fat stores accumulated during the dry season. Many omnivorous species eat mostly seeds and fruit during this period. However, high water poses difficulties for ground-dwelling plant and animal species. Many ground dwellers migrate to higher areas, while some species move up into the trees. Understory plants and shrubs may spend 6-10 months underwater, during which they are believed to continue some form of photosynthesis.

Research published in 2005 suggests that flooding in the Amazon causes a significant portion of South America to sink several inches due to the extra weight and then rise again as the waters recede. According to scientists, this annual rise and fall of the Earth's crust is the largest ever detected and may one day enable researchers to calculate the total amount of water on Earth.

How is the communication with my family in case of emergency?

Just so you know, due to weather conditions and the remote location, communication may sometimes be challenging. It is important to let your family know about these limitations and remember to leave your emergency contact number(s) with them in case of any emergency.

Travel Insurance

Please take note of the following information:

All visitors are encouraged to obtain their own personal or travel insurance to cover any potential damage or loss of luggage, accidents, or missed connections. Fishing Brazil Adventures will not be held responsible for any lost luggage, missed connecting flights, accidents, or other related incidents.

The client acknowledges that it is impossible to list all the potential risks and dangers associated with this tour package or this particular type of travel. The client accepts full responsibility for any and all risks and dangers, whether they are specifically mentioned here or not. The client, either individually or collectively, holds "Fishing Brazil Adventures Ltda" exempt from any liability for any losses, bodily injuries, deaths, property damages, accidents, delays, changes in itineraries, or unforeseen events beyond the company's control.

Fishing and your health

Fishing is an activity that offers numerous health benefits. Not only is it a form of physical exercise, but it can also improve cardiovascular health, muscle strength, flexibility, breathing, and posture. Furthermore, it can be a great way to relax, reduce stress, spend time outdoors, and socialize with others. Fishing promotes the development of patience and self-confidence as it involves waiting for the right moment to catch a fish. Overall, fishing is a fun and rewarding activity suitable for people of all ages.

Passport and visa information

Please be aware that Brazil has specific visa requirements based on your country of birth. For some countries, a Brazilian visa is not required, or only necessary for stays exceeding a certain length (typically over 90 days). However, for other countries, a visa is mandatory. It is important to check with the Brazilian Embassy or Consulate closest to your residence to determine whether you need a visa.

If a visa is required, it must be obtained in advance from the Brazilian Embassy or Consulate. "Airport visas" are not available, and individuals without a valid visa when required will be denied entry to Brazil.

To obtain a visa, you should reach out to the nearest Brazilian Consulate General. Additionally, ensure that your passport is not set to expire within six months of your planned entry into Brazil and that it has at least 2 blank pages. Please do not forget to obtain this visa or verify the validity of your current one, as there have been numerous cases of foreigners arriving in Brazil without one.

NOTE: If you have a valid Brazilian Visa (check the dates on the visa) in an expired passport, you can use both passports (renewed and the expired one with a valid visa to enter Brazil).